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Table 3 Accumulation of metal elements in mouse kidney by intragastric administration of TiO 2 NPs for 90 consecutive days

From: RETRACTED ARTICLE: Intragastric exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles induced nephrotoxicity in mice, assessed by physiological and gene expression modifications

TiO2NPs (mg/kg bw) Metal element contents (μg/g tissue)
  Ca Na K Mg Zn Cu Fe
0 1054 ± 53a 3540 ± 177a 2383 ± 119a 138 ± 7a 9.88 ± 0.49a 1.986 ± 0.10a 33.26 ± 1.66a
2.5 1259 ± 63b 3083 ± 154b 3039 ± 152b 159 ± 8b 18.72 ± 0.94b 5.69 ± 0.28b 17.16 ± 0.86b
5 1486 ± 74c 2772 ± 139c 3866 ± 193c 215 ± 11c 31.89 ± 1.59c 10.27 ± 0.51c 9.81 ± 0.49c
10 1823 ± 91cd 2511 ± 125d 4839 ± 242d 300 ± 15d 47.88 ± 2.39d 18.48 ± 0.92d 2.326 ± 0.12d
  1. Different letters indicate significant differences between groups (p < 0.05). Values represent means ± SEM(N = 5).