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Figure 5 | Particle and Fibre Toxicology

Figure 5

From: Different particle determinants induce apoptosis and cytokine release in primary alveolar macrophage cultures

Figure 5

The effect of surface modification of particles on MIP-2 release, TNF-α release and apoptosis. A) MIP-2 release, B) TNF-α release and C) Apoptosis. Hornfels-2 and quartz-2 particles were treated in the absence or presence of aluminium lactate as described in Materials and Methods, and thereafter added to the cultured macrophages for 20 h. The MIP-2 and TNF-α release were analysed by ELISA, and apoptosis by flow cytometry after Hoechst 333258 staining. The results represent the mean +/- SEM of 3–5 independent experiments. *Significant reduction in MIP-2 release in aluminium lactate-coated versus non-coated hornfels-2 particles (p ≤ 0.05).

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