Skip to main content

Table 4 Association between air pollution and blood parameters; 57 male patients with coronary heart disease

From: Ultrafine particles and platelet activation in patients with coronary heart disease – results from a prospective panel study

  sCD40L [pg/ml] Platelets [103/μl] Leucocytes [103/μl]
  %change GM $ 95% CI $ %change mean 95% CI %change mean 95% CI
UFP §       
    lag0 7.1* 0.1; 14.5 -1.8* -3.4; -0.2 -2.4* -4.5; -0.2
    lag1 0.3 -6.6; 8.6 -1.1 -2.9; 0.6 -2.1 -4.4; 0.2
    lag2 0.6 -5.9; 8.6 -1.0 -2.9; 0.8 0.2 -2.4; 2.8
    lag3 -8.5* -15.8; -0.5 -2.4* -4.5; -0.3 -1.5 -4.4; 1.4
    5-day-average -0.7 -7.6; 6.8 -2.2* -4.0; -0.3 -1.6 -4.1; 0.8
AP §       
    lag0 6.9* 0.5; 13.8 -1.0 -2.5; 0.5 -1.9* -3.8; -0.1
    lag1 -1.1 -8.0; 6.4 -0.4 -2.1; 1.6 -0.6 -2.9; 1.6
    lag2 -4.9 -11.9; 2.7 0.8 -1.0; 2.4 -0.6 -3.2; 2.0
    lag3 -3.8 -10.3; 3.2 0.0 -1.8; 1.7 -2.3 -4.6; 0.1
    5-day-average -1.3 -9.9; 8.1 -0.9 -3.0; 1.3 -2.7 -5.5; 0.1
PM 2.5 §       
    lag0 1.5 -4.0; 7.3 -0.6 -1.9; 0.7 -1.6* -3.2; 0.0
    lag1 0.2 -5.4; 6.2 0.1 -1.3; 1.5 -0.4 -2.2; 1.4
    lag2 -2.6 -8.0; 3.1 0.5 -0.9; 1.9 -0.2 -2.1; 1.7
    lag3 0.5 -3.9; 5.0 0.2 -1.1; 1.5 -0.8 -2.4; 0.7
    5-day-average 0.2 -5.4; 6.2 -0.4 -1.9; 1.2 -1.6 -3.5; 0.3
PM 10 §       
    lag0 1.6 -3.5; 7.0 -0.4 -1.9; 1.0 -1.1 -2.8; 0.7
    lag1 1.1 -5.4; 7.9 0.4 -1.4; 2.3 -0.5 -2.6; 1.5
    lag2 -3.5 -8.9; 2.2 0.5 -1.4; 2.3 0.1 -2.1; 2.4
    lag3 -1.4 -6.0; 3.4 -0.1 -1.6; 1.4 -0.7 -2.6; 1.2
    5-day-average -1.2 -7.8; 5.8 0.0 2.1; 0.0 -1.1 -3.6; 1.4
  1. *p < 0.05; p < 0.10
  2. § UFP: ultrafine particles (number concentration of particles with a size range of 0.01 to 0.1 μm);
  3. AP: accumulation mode particles (particles with a size range of 0.1 to 1.0 μm); PM2.5: mass concentration of particles less than 2.5 μm in diameter; PM10: mass concentration of particles less than 10 μm in diameter;
  4. $CI: confidence interval, GM: geometric mean