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Table 2 Human studies linking air pollution exposure with atherosclerosis

From: Particulate matter and atherosclerosis: role of particle size, composition and oxidative stress

Study Air pollutant Evaluation of atherosclerosis Major Findings Reference
Kunzli et al PM2.5
CIMT 5.9% increased in CIMT per every 10 μg PM2.5/m3 [33]
Hoffmann et al PM2.5
Distance to major road
CACS Increased CAC scores with shorter distances to a major road [34]
Diez Roux et al PM10
1-3% increase in CIMT per every 21 and 12.5 μg/m3 in PM10 and PM2.5 respectively [35]
  1. CIMT = Carotid intima-media thickness, CACS = coronary artery calcium score,
  2. BAI = Brachial artery index.