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Table 1 Characteristics of patients and volunteers from which primary human cells were obtained.

From: Ultrafine carbon particles down-regulate CYP1B1 expression in human monocytes

  number sex age disease and stage
normal healthy 23 12× m, 11× f 42.8 ± 15.4 n.a.
healthy smokers 6 4× m, 2× f 54.5 ± 10.6 n.a.
COPD patients 12 10× m, 2× f 63.9 ± 10.5 4× II, 3× III, 5× IV (Gold)
others (brush biopsies) 7 5× m, 1× f, 1× anonymized* 65.8 ± 11.7* adenocarcinoma, MALT-lymphoma, UIP, sarcoidosis (Gold II), COPD (Gold III)*
  1. (*: samples from one patient who underwent brush biopsy was anonymized; f: female; m: male; MALT: mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue; n.a.: not applicable; UIP: usual interstitial pneumonia).