Antioxidants have no effect on DE enhanced influenza titers but decrease DE enhanced pulmonary inflammation. A) Viral titers were quantified in lung homogenates as TCID50 on day 1 and 4 p.i. *significantly different from air/flu (p < 0.05, n = 6). B) Neutrophil counts per ml of BAL on day 4 p.i. C) PR measured by Buxco systems at day 1 p.i. reported as PenH values with increasing doses of aerosolized methacholine. *significantly different from saline controls (p < 0.05, n = 6).