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Table 1 Selected measurement and sampling devices for airborne particles

From: Nanoparticle exposure at nanotechnology workplaces: A review

Measurement/sampling device Size range/time resolution/metric + equivalent diameter References
Size resolved   
    Time resolved   
Scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) 2.5 nm - 1000 nm
> 30 s
number size distribution, based on electrical mobility diameter
[10, 11]
Electrometer based mobility particle sizer:
fast mobility particle sizer (FMPS)/engine exhaust particle sizer (EEPS)
5.6 nm - 560 nm
1 s/0.1 s
number size distribution, based on electrical mobility diameter
[12, 13]
Electrical low pressure impactor (ELPI) 6 nm - 10 μm
0.1 s
number size distribution, based on aerodynamic dia.
[14]
Optical particle sizer (OPS):- laser aerosol spectrometer (LAS) (> 60 nm) > 300 nm - 20 μm
1 s
number size distribution, based on light scattering equivalent dia.
[15]
Inertial spectrometer/time of flight instruments:
- aerodynamic particle sizer (APS)
500 nm - 20 μm
1 s
number size distribution of the aerodynamic dia.
[16]
Size resolved   
    Time integrated   
Low pressure cascade impactor > 20 nm
n.a.
mass size distribution, chemical analysis, morphology
[17, 18]
Micro orifice uniform deposit impactor (Moudi) 10 nm -20 μm
n.a.
mass size distribution, chemical analysis, morphology
[18]
Wide range aerosol system (WRAS) 5.5 nm - 32 μm
5 min number size distribution
[19]
Thermal precipitator (TP) 20 - ca. 300 nm
n.a.
size distribution
[20]
Size integrated   
    Time resolved   
Condensation particle counter (CPC) 5.5 nm - 9 μm
1 s
particle number concentration (NC)
[21, 22]
Surface area monitors (e.g. electrical aerosol detector (EAD), nanoparticle surface area monitor (NSAM), LQ1-DC) 10 nm - > 1 μm
1 s
aerosol length (EAD), active surface area (LQ1-DC), lung deposited surface area (NSAM)
[2325]
Aerosol photometer 250 nm - 20 μm
1 s
mass concentration
 
Size integrated   
    Time integrated   
Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) > 20 nm
n.a.
chemical analysis, morphology
[26]
Thermal precipitator (TP) > 20 nm
n.a.
chemical analysis, morphology
[20]
Filtration (e.g. PM10, PM2.5) mass concentration, chemical composition