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Figure 7 | Particle and Fibre Toxicology

Figure 7

From: Multi-walled carbon nanotubes induce COX-2 and iNOS expression via MAP Kinase-dependent and -independent mechanisms in mouse RAW264.7 macrophages

Figure 7

Hypothetical scheme depicting uptake and intracellular signaling induced by MWCNTs leading to induction of COX-2, iNOS, and their respective secreted metabolites in RAW264.7 cells. MWCNTs activate the MEK-ERK signaling cascade, which is required to induce COX-2 and production of PGE2. MWCNTs also induce iNOS and generation of NO through an ERK1,2-independent mechanism. The MEK inhibitor (U0126) and the iNOS inhibitor (L-NAME) are indicated along with their pharmacologic targets.

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