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Table 1 Summary of cytokine release from cells

From: The mechanism of pleural inflammation by long carbon nanotubes: interaction of long fibres with macrophages stimulates them to amplify pro-inflammatory responses in mesothelial cells

  IL-1β IL-6 IL-8 TNFα
  NT short NT long2 NT short NT long2 NT short NT long2 NT short NT long2
Mesothelial cells (pg/m) 205 ± 26 153 ± 17 340 ± 11 347 + 2 392 ± 15 458 ± 16 15 ± 2 10 ± 3
Macrophages (pg/ml) 296 ± 23 506 ± 34 128 ± 39 380 + 8 286 ± 8 403 ± 4 6 ± 2 350 ± 200
Mesothelial cells +
conditioned media (pg/ml)
293 ± 2 1012 ± 59 214 ± 8 8479 + 3640 121 ± 29 12130 ± 2254 14 ± 4 2029 ± 328
  1. The cytokine release for the three treatment groups are compared side by side using one short CNT (NTshort) and one long CNT (NTlong2) as exemplars