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Table 3 Percent positivity for inflammatory biomarkers’ expression in the lung submucosa. Data are expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean (SEM)

From: Morphometric analysis of inflammation in bronchial biopsies following exposure to inhaled diesel exhaust and allergen challenge in atopic subjects

Exposure condition AA1 ECP NE CD138 CD4 IL-4
FAS 0.460 ± 0.053 0.308 ± 0.102 0.045 ± 0.014 0.017 ± 0.006 0.045 ± 0.014 0.127 ± 0.062
DES 0.681 ± 0.153 0.471 ± 0.175 0.077 ± 0.024 0.044 ± 0.024 0.045 ± 0.014 0.353 ± 0.088
FAA 0.646 ± 0.128 0.553 ± 0.109 0.229 ± 0.069 0.044 ± 0.008* 0.045 ± 0.014 0.426 ± 0.130
DEA 0.738 ± 0.159 0.487 ± 0.201 0.224 ± 0.047* 0.120 ± 0.031*, **, *** 0.045 ± 0.014* 0.548 ± 0.143*
  1. FAS filtered air + saline, DES DE + saline, FAA filtered air + allergen, DEA DE + allergen, AA1 tryptase, ECP eosinophil cationic protein, NE neutrophil elastase
  2. *p < 0.05, compared with FAS; **p < 0.05, compared with DES; ***p < 0.05, compared with DEA