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Fig. 1 | Particle and Fibre Toxicology

Fig. 1

From: Aerosol generation and characterization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes exposed to cells cultured at the air-liquid interface

Fig. 1

Basic configuration of a system for exposing cells to aerosolized substances at the ALI. Such a system requires an aerosol generator and an exposure chamber. Clean air controls may be incorporated as well as a means to quantify the cellular dose (e.g., using a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and/or electron microscopy (EM) grids) to relate the outcomes to human-relevant exposures

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