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Table 2 Main physical and chemical properties of investigated NMs (adapted and reproduced from 18 to 20)

From: Assessment of nanomaterial-induced hepatotoxicity using a 3D human primary multi-cellular microtissue exposed repeatedly over 21 days - the suitability of the in vitro system as an in vivo surrogate

NM codeNM typePhasePrimary size (nm)
(XRD)
Surface area
[m2/g]
(BET)
Known coatingMean size in liver maintenance medium (DLS) (nm)a
JRCNM01005aTiO2Rutile-anatase15–2446None224.6
233.7
238.3
JRCNM01101aZnO15215Triethoxy-caprlsilane250.3
255.8
255.4
NM212CeO2Irregular and non-homogeneous - cubic cerionite4927None274.5
269.3
258.9
DQ12SilicaQuartz10.1None479.8
468.5
466.9
  1. DLS Dynamic light scatter, XRD X-ray diffraction
  2. aSize in biological media measured within 30 min of sonication