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Fig. 1 | Particle and Fibre Toxicology

Fig. 1

From: Correction to: Inhaled gold nanoparticles cause cerebral edema and upregulate endothelial aquaporin 1 expression, involving caveolin 1 dependent repression of extracellular regulated protein kinase activity

Fig. 1

Au-NPs induced aquaporin-1 (AQP1) protein expression in bEnd.3 cells. a/b The bEnd.3 cells (an immortalized mouse cerebral endothelial cell line) were exposed to Au-NPs (or Au-MPs) and the expression level of AQP1 was detected by western blots. Representative images showed an increase of AQP1 protein level in Au-NP-treated groups, whereas AQP1 protein level remained unaffected in Au-MP-treated groups. a concentration-dependent treatment; cells were incubated with 10, 50, 100 and 500 ng/mL Au-NPs for 24 h. b time-dependent treatment; cells were incubated with 500 ng/mL Au-NPs for 3, 6, 12, and 24 h. (* p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, and *** p < 0.001 indicates statistically significant difference from the control group; N = 11). c Representative images of immunofluorescent staining, the Au-NP-induced AQP1 and the nucleus was manifested by red and blue fluorescence, respectively. A gain of red fluorescence in cell membrane and cytosol was observed in Au-NP-treated bEnd.3 cells (500 ng/mL; 24 h), as compared to control. d Transendothelial permeability assay was performed as described in Materials and Methods. Au-NP treatment (500 ng/mL; 24 h) made bEnd.3 cell more permeable to water. (* p < 0.05, indicates statistically significant difference from the control group; N = 12)

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