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Table 5 Microbiota alteration observed in IBD, CRC and obesity compared to those induced after NP ingestion

From: Impacts of foodborne inorganic nanoparticles on the gut microbiota-immune axis: potential consequences for host health

  IBD CRC Obesity NPs effects on microbiota
Actinobacteria [183,184,185] [186] [187] TiO2 [104]
Acidimicrobidae ellin 7143 [184]    
Actinobacterium GWS-BW-H99 [184]    
Actinomycinaeae (o) [184]    
Actinomyces (g) [188]    
Actinomyces oxydans [184]    
Bifidobacteriales (o)   [186]   
Bifidobacterium (g) [189] [190, 191] [192, 193] Ag [105]
Bifidobacterium adolescentis [194, 195]    
Corynebacteriaceae (f) [184]   [196]  
Nocardioides NS/27 [184]    
Bacteroidetes [183, 184, 188] [17, 197] [173, 187, 198,199,200] Ag, TiO2, SiO2, ZnO [104, 107,108,109]; Ag, ZnO [105, 107, 110]
Bacteroides (g) [183, 194] [17, 186, 197, 201] [202, 203] Ag, TiO2, SiO2 [107, 108]; Ag, ZnO [105, 110]
Bacteroides ovatus [204, 205]   [206] Ag, TiO2 [112, 113]
Bacteroides uniformis [183] [186] [206] Ag [106]
Prevotellaceae (f)    [196, 207] ZnO [109]
Prevotella [183] [201] [207, 208] TiO2, ZnO [104, 109]; Ag, SiO2 [107]
Rikenellaceae (f) [209]   [200, 207] ZnO [110]; Ag [108]
Alistipes (g) [184, 185, 188] [210] [193, 206] ZnO [110]; Ag, SiO2 [107]
Firmicutes [92, 184, 211, 212] [197] [173, 199, 200] Ag, TiO2, ZnO [104, 105, 107, 109, 110]; Ag, SiO2, ZnO [107,108,109]
Erysipelotrichaceae (f) [194] [17, 190] [196] TiO2 [104]
Turicibacter (g) [183]    TiO2 [104]
Lachnospiraceae (f) [194, 209] [197, 201] [207] Ag [107]; Ag, SiO2 [104, 107]
Blautia (g) [209] [17] [207] Ag [108]
Blautia faecis [183]    
Coprococcus (g) [209]   [193, 207] Ag [108]
Roseburia (g) [185, 209] [186, 210] [207]  
Roseburia intestinalis [183, 194]   [206, 213] Ag [112]
Roseburia inulinivorans [183]    
Clostridium XIVa and IV groups [92, 184]   [206]  
Clostridium lavalense [183]    
Dialister invisus [195]    
Enterococcus (g)   [186]   
Eubacterium (g)   [186] [207]  
Eubacterium rectale [194, 211]   [213] Ag [112]; TiO2 [113]
Eubacterium ventriosum [183]   [198, 213] TiO2 [113]
Faecalibacterium (g) [185, 209] [17, 190, 197, 210] [193]  
Faecalibacterium prausnitzii [92, 183, 194, 211] [191, 210] [206, 214] Ag [112]
Lactobacillus (sp) [183] [191, 215] [193, 216] Ag, TiO2, SiO2, ZnO [104, 105, 107, 109,110,111]; Ag, ZnO [108, 109]
Oscillospira (g)    [207, 213] Ag, ZnO [106, 109]
Ruminococcus gnavus [195, 209, 217]    
Ruminococcus torques [183, 194]    Ag [112]
Streptococcus (g)   [186, 218]   ZnO [109]
Proteobacteria [184, 185] [186] [200, 206, 216] TiO2, SiO2, ZnO [104, 107, 109]; ZnO [111]
Enterobacteriaceae (f) [209, 219] [191, 218] [207] Ag [105]
Escherichia coli [194, 211, 220,221,222] [186, 210]   Ag, TiO2 [104, 112]
Shigella (sp) [185, 211] [186, 210]   TiO2 [104]
Sutterella (g)    [216]  
Listeria (sp) [211]