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Table 2 A summary of epidemiological studies of the association between wildfire smoke exposure and cardiovascular effects

From: Cardiovascular health impacts of wildfire smoke exposure

Study Exposure measurement Endpoints Association
Cardiovascular morbidity
 Mott et al. [105] Smoky vs. non-smoky periods Overall cardiorespiratory
IHD
Circulatory disease
 Moore et al. [103] Temporal comparison All CVD
 Johnston et al. [73] Monitored PM10 All CVD
IHD
 Hanigan, Johnston,
and Morgan [65]
Modeled PM10 All circulatory
IHD
 Delfino et al. [41] Estimated PM2.5 and PM10 All CVD
IHD
HF
Other
 Henderson et al. [68] Modeled PM10 All CVD
 Lee et al. [86] Monitored PM10 Circulatory
CAD
 Morgan et al. [104] Monitored PM10 All CVD
Cardiac
IHD
Stroke
 Schranz, Castillo, and Vilke [137] Temporal comparison CAD
CHD
 Henderson et al. [67] Modeled PM10 All CVD
 Rappold et al. [121] Temporal and spatial comparison All CVD
MI
HF
 Crabbe [37] Monitored PM10, coarse PM, fine PM, black carbon CVD
 Rappold et al. [118] Modeled PM2.5 Congestive HF
 Hejl et al. [66] Temporal comparison Blood cardiovascular markers
 Martin et al. [94] Smoky vs. non-smoky periods Arrythmia
Cardiac failure
Cerebrovascular disease
IHD
 Gaughan et al. [55] Urinary levoglucosan level Mean augmentation index %
 Rappold et al. [119] Modeled PM2.5 Congestive HF
 Johnston et al. [76] Smoky vs. non-smoky periods All CVD
IHD
Arrythmias
Cerebrovascular disease
Cardiac failure
 Le et al. [85] Temporal comparison, monitored PM2.5 All CVD
IHD
HF
Cerebrovascular disease
Heart rate disturbances
 Dennekamp et al. [43] Monitored PM2.5, PM10, CO, O3, SO2, NO2 Cardiac arrest
 Haikerwal et al. [64] Modeled PM2.5 Cardiac arrest
IHD
Acute MI
Angina
 Resnick et al. [126] Temporal comparison All CVD
IHD
Hypertension
Cerebrovascular disease
Disease of veins, lymphatics, and circulatory system
 Alman et al. [8] Monitored PM2.5 CVD
Acute MI
IHD
Dysrhythmia
 Ostro et al. [111] Modeled source-apportionment PM2.5 All CVD
IHD
MI
Dysrhythmia
HF
 Reid, Jerrett, et al. [123, 124] Temporal comparison and modeled PM2.5 All CVD
IHD
CHD
Congestive HF
 Tinling et al. [149] Modeled PM2.5 All-cause cardiac conditions
Cardiac dysrhythmia
HF
Hypertension
 Yao, Eyamie, and
Henderson 2016) [165]
Smoky vs. non-smoky periods CVD
 Gan et al. [53] Modeled PM2.5 CVD
Arrhythmia
Cerebrovascular disease
HF
IHD
MI
 Garcia-Olivé et al. [54] Burnt area % (spatial comparison) Acute MI
HF
CVD
 Liu et al. [88] Temporal comparison and modeled PM2.5
 Parthum, Pindilli, and
Hogan [114]
Modeled PM2.5 CHF
Cardiopulmonary disease
 Salimi et al. [133] Monitored PM2.5 Cardiac arrest
Stroke
Other heart problems
 Weichenthal et al. [160] Monitored PM2.5 MI
 Wettstein et al. [161] Smoke density All CVD
Hypertension
IHD
MI
Dysrhythmia
HF
Ischemic stroke
 Abdo et al. [2] Modeled PM2.5 Gestational hypertension
 Deflorio-Barker et al. [40] Smoke vs non-smoke days Cardiopulmonary
 Stowell et al. [147] Modeled PM2.5 Acute MI
Congestive HF
Dysrhythmia
IHD
Cerebrovascular disease
CVD
 Jones et al. [77] Modeled PM2.5 Cardiac arrest
Cardiovascular mortality
 Vedal and Dutton [157] Monitored PM2.5 and PM10 Cardiorespiratory
 Analitis, Georgiadis,
and Katsouyanni [10]
Areas burnt (spatial comparison) CVD
 Marlier et al. [92] Modeled PM2.5 and O3 CVD
 Nunes, Ignotti, and
Hacon [109]
Modeled PM2.5 CVD
Acute MI
Cerebrovascular disease
 Shaposhnikov et al. [143] Monitored PM10 IHD
Cerebrovascular disease
 Linares et al. [87] Temporal comparison, monitored PM2.5 and PM10 Circulatory disease
 Faustini et al. [48] Smoky vs. non-smoky days CVD
 Kollanus et al. [84] Monitored PM2.5 CVD
 Navarro et al. [107] Modeled PM2.5 CVD
 Uda, Hein, and
Atmoko [153]
Modeled PM2.5 CVD
  1. Abbreviations: CAD Coronary artery disease, CHD Congestive heart disease, CVD Cardiovascular disease, HF Heart failure, IHD Ischemic heart disease, MI Myocardial infarction. “↑” indicates a positive association; “→” indicates a null association