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Fig. 5 | Particle and Fibre Toxicology

Fig. 5

From: The importance of mineralogical composition for the cytotoxic and pro-inflammatory effects of mineral dust

Fig. 5

Mineral particles induce release of pro-inflammatory cytokines in THP-1 macrophages. THP-1 macrophages were exposed to 0–400 µg/mL Na-feldspar, K-feldspar, Ca-feldspar, biotite, epidote, hornblende, actinolite, augite, quartz and orthopyroxene for 24 h. The release of CXCL8 (A and D), IL-1β (B and E) and TNFα (C and F) in the cell culture supernatants was measured by ELISA. Results are presented as mean ± SD (n = 5). Area under the curve (AUC) values in DF were calculated from the values in AC for the concentration-range of 0–200 µg/mL. Statistical significance is based on a two-way ANOVA followed by Dunnet’s post-test (AC) or a one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey post-test (DF). All values were log-transformed prior to statistical analysis to satisfy model assumptions. Asterisks (*) indicate statistically significant difference from the respective control (AC), while a capped line indicates statistically significant difference between samples (DF)

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