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Table 1 Estimated global production for engineered nanomaterials[11]

From: The potential risks of nanomaterials: a review carried out for ECETOC

Application Nanomaterial/device Estimated global production (tonnes per year)
   2003/04 2010 2020
Structural applications Ceramics, catalysts, films & coatings, composites, metals 10 103 104 – 105
Skincare products Metal oxides (eg. TiO2, ZnO) 103 103 103
Information & Communication Technologies SWNT, nanoelectronic and optoelectronic materials (excluding CMP slurries), organic light emitters and electronics, nanophosphors 10 102 >103
Biotechnology Nanocomposites & encapsulates, targeted drug delivery, diagnostic markers, biosensors <1 1 10
Environmental Nanofiltration, membranes 10 102 103 – 104