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  1. Content type: Research

    Facemasks are increasingly worn during air pollution episodes in China, but their protective effects are poorly understood. We aimed to evaluate the filtration efficiencies of N95 facemasks and the cardiopulmo...

    Authors: Tianjia Guan, Songhe Hu, Yiqun Han, Ruoyu Wang, Qindan Zhu, Yaoqian Hu, Hanqing Fan and Tong Zhu

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:30

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  2. Content type: Research

    Silica nanoparticles (SiO2-NPs) are naturally enriched and broadly utilized in the manufacturing industry. While previous studies have demonstrated toxicity in neuronal cell lines after SiO2-NPs exposure, the rol...

    Authors: Ran You, Yuen-Shan Ho, Clara Hiu-Ling Hung, Yan Liu, Chun-Xia Huang, Hei-Nga Chan, See-Lok Ho, Sheung-Yeung Lui, Hung-Wing Li and Raymond Chuen-Chung Chang

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:28

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  3. Content type: Review

    Engineered nanomaterials (ENM) are used extensively in food products to fulfill a number of roles, including enhancement of color and texture, for nutritional fortification, enhanced bioavailability, improved ...

    Authors: Ikjot Singh Sohal, Kevin S. O’Fallon, Peter Gaines, Philip Demokritou and Dhimiter Bello

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:29

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  4. Content type: Research

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in the advanced world, and age is an important determinant of cardiac function. The purpose of the study is to determine whether the PM2.5-induced cardiac ...

    Authors: Guohua Qin, Jin Xia, Yingying Zhang, Lianghong Guo, Rui Chen and Nan Sang

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:27

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  5. Content type: Research

    Intestinal barrier is crucial for animals against translocation of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) into secondary targeted organs. However, the molecular mechanisms for the role of intestinal barrier against E...

    Authors: Mingxia Ren, Li Zhao, Xuecheng Ding, Natalia Krasteva, Qi Rui and Dayong Wang

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:26

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  6. Content type: Research

    Animal models remain at that time a reference tool to predict potential pulmonary adverse effects of nanomaterials in humans. However, in a context of reduction of the number of animals used in experimentation...

    Authors: Thomas Loret, Françoise Rogerieux, Bénédicte Trouiller, Anne Braun, Christophe Egles and Ghislaine Lacroix

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:25

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  7. Content type: Research

    Nanomaterial inhalation represents a potential hazard for respiratory conditions such as asthma. Cerium dioxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) have the ability to modify disease outcome but have not been investigated fo...

    Authors: Kirsty Meldrum, Sarah B. Robertson, Isabella Römer, Tim Marczylo, Lareb S. N. Dean, Andrew Rogers, Timothy W. Gant, Rachel Smith, Terry D. Tetley and Martin O. Leonard

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:24

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  8. Content type: Research

    Commercial use of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers (CNT/F) in composites and electronics is increasing; however, little is known about health effects among workers. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 10...

    Authors: Mary K. Schubauer-Berigan, Matthew M. Dahm, Aaron Erdely, John D. Beard, M. Eileen Birch, Douglas E. Evans, Joseph E. Fernback, Robert R. Mercer, Stephen J. Bertke, Tracy Eye and Marie A. de Perio

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:22

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  9. Content type: Research

    Exposure to traffic-derived particulate matter (PM), such as diesel exhaust particles (DEP), is a leading environmental cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and may contribute to endothelial dysfunction and ...

    Authors: Bendik C. Brinchmann, Tonje Skuland, Mia H. Rambøl, Krisztina Szoke, Jan E. Brinchmann, Arno C. Gutleb, Elisa Moschini, Alena Kubátová, Klara Kukowski, Eric Le Ferrec, Dominique Lagadic-Gossmann, Per E. Schwarze, Marit Låg, Magne Refsnes, Johan Øvrevik and Jørn A. Holme

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:21

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  10. Content type: Research

    Pollutant particles containing environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) are formed during many combustion processes (e.g. thermal remediation of hazardous wastes, diesel/gasoline combustion, wood smoke...

    Authors: Sridhar Jaligama, Vivek S. Patel, Pingli Wang, Asmaa Sallam, Jeffrey Harding, Matthew Kelley, Skylar R. Mancuso, Tammy R. Dugas and Stephania A. Cormier

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:20

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  11. Content type: Research

    Diesel exhaust particles (DEP) are a major component of outdoor air pollution. DEP mediated pulmonary effects are plausibly linked to inflammatory and oxidative stress response in which macrophages (MQ), epith...

    Authors: Jie Ji, Swapna Upadhyay, Xiaomiao Xiong, Maria Malmlöf, Thomas Sandström, Per Gerde and Lena Palmberg

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:19

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  12. Content type: Research

    Exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) correlates with abnormal glucose homeostasis, but the underlying biological mechanism has not been fully understood. The gut microbiota is an emerging crucial p...

    Authors: Wanjun Wang, Ji Zhou, Minjie Chen, Xingke Huang, Xiaoyun Xie, Weihua Li, Qi Cao, Haidong Kan, Yanyi Xu and Zhekang Ying

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:17

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  13. Content type: Research

    The rapid increase in carbon black poses threats to human health. We evaluated the effect of CB (Printex 90) on the osteogenesis of bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Mitochondria play an impor...

    Authors: Yulai Shen, Lu Wu, Dongdong Qin, Yankai Xia, Zhu Zhou, Xuemei Zhang and Xin Wu

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:16

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  14. Content type: Research

    Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is produced at high volumes and applied in many consumer and food products. Recent toxicokinetic modelling indicated the potential of TiO2 to accumulate in human liver and spleen upon dail...

    Authors: M. B. Heringa, R. J. B. Peters, R. L. A. W. Bleys, M. K. van der Lee, P. C. Tromp, P. C. E. van Kesteren, J. C. H. van Eijkeren, A. K. Undas, A. G. Oomen and H. Bouwmeester

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:15

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  15. Content type: Research

    Epidemiological studies have suggested that elevated levels of air pollution contribute to an increased incidence or severity of asthma. Although late-onset adult asthma seems to be more attributable to enviro...

    Authors: Mei Mei, Haojun Song, Lina Chen, Bin Hu, Ru Bai, Diandou Xu, Ying Liu, Yuliang Zhao and Chunying Chen

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:13

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  16. Content type: Research

    Carbon load in airway macrophages (AM) has been proposed as an internal marker to assess long-term exposure to combustion-derived pollutant particles. However, it is not known how this biomarker is affected by...

    Authors: Yang Bai, Hannelore Bové, Tim S. Nawrot and Benoit Nemery

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:14

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  17. Content type: Research

    Humans are continuously exposed to particles in the gastrointestinal tract. Exposure may occur directly through ingestion of particles via food or indirectly by removal of inhaled material from the airways by ...

    Authors: Ditte Marie Jensen, Daniel Vest Christophersen, Majid Sheykhzade, Gry Freja Skovsted, Jens Lykkesfeldt, Rasmus Münter, Martin Roursgaard, Steffen Loft and Peter Møller

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:12

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  18. Content type: Research

    Inhalation of high concentrations of zinc oxide particles (ZnO) may cause metal fume fever. In an earlier human inhalation study, no effects were observed after exposure to ZnO concentrations of 0.5 mg/m3. Furthe...

    Authors: Christian Monsé, Olaf Hagemeyer, Monika Raulf, Birger Jettkant, Vera van Kampen, Benjamin Kendzia, Vitali Gering, Günther Kappert, Tobias Weiss, Nadin Ulrich, Eike-Maximilian Marek, Jürgen Bünger, Thomas Brüning and Rolf Merget

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:8

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  19. Content type: Editorial

    Epidemiological studies link inhalation of particles to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Inhaled particles may induce cardiovascular disease by several different mechanisms including translocation of ...

    Authors: Ulla Vogel and Flemming R. Cassee

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:7

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  20. Content type: Research

    Subtle DNA methylation alterations mediated by carbon nanotubes (CNTs) exposure might contribute to pathogenesis and disease susceptibility. It is known that both multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and sin...

    Authors: Deniz Öner, Manosij Ghosh, Hannelore Bové, Matthieu Moisse, Bram Boeckx, Radu C. Duca, Katrien Poels, Katrien Luyts, Eveline Putzeys, Kirsten Van Landuydt, Jeroen AJ Vanoirbeek, Marcel Ameloot, Diether Lambrechts, Lode Godderis and Peter HM Hoet

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:11

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  21. Content type: Research

    Semen quality parameters are potentially affected by nanomaterials in several ways: Inhaled nanosized particles are potent inducers of pulmonary inflammation, leading to the release of inflammatory mediators. ...

    Authors: Astrid Skovmand, Anna Jacobsen Lauvås, Preben Christensen, Ulla Vogel, Karin Sørig Hougaard and Sandra Goericke-Pesch

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:10

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  22. Content type: Research

    The use of engineered nanoparticles (NP) is widespread and still increasing. There is a great need to assess their safety. Newly engineered NP enter the market in a large variety; therefore saf...

    Authors: Rob J. Vandebriel, Jolanda P. Vermeulen, Laurens B. van Engelen, Britt de Jong, Lisa M. Verhagen, Liset J. de la Fonteyne-Blankestijn, Marieke E. Hoonakker and Wim H. de Jong

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:9

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  23. Content type: Research

    The development of particokinetic models describing the delivery of insoluble or poorly soluble nanoparticles to cells in liquid cell culture systems has improved the basis for dose-response analysis, hazard r...

    Authors: Dennis G. Thomas, Jordan N. Smith, Brian D. Thrall, Donald R. Baer, Hadley Jolley, Prabhakaran Munusamy, Vamsi Kodali, Philip Demokritou, Joel Cohen and Justin G. Teeguarden

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2018 15:6

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