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Table 5 Welding fume characterization by ICP-AES*

From: Pulmonary inflammation and tumor induction in lung tumor susceptible A/J and resistant C57BL/6J mice exposed to welding fume

Welding Fume Sample Metal (weight %) Soluble/insoluble Ratio pH
GMA-MS
Gas metal arc-mild steel
Fe 85
Mn 14
0.020 Total 7.02
Soluble 7.44
Insoluble 7.03
GMA-SS
Gas metal arc-stainless steel
Fe 53
Mn 23
Cr 19
Ni 5
0.006 Total 6.94
Soluble 6.97
Insoluble 7.01
MMA-SS
Manual metal arc-stainless steel
Fe 41
Cr 29
Mn 17
Ni 3
0.345
Soluble metals:
Cr 87%
Mn 11%
Total 6.92
Soluble 7.05
Insoluble 7.09
  1. *Inductively Coupled Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy. † Relative to all metals analyzed. Note. Abbreviations are Cr-chromium; Fe-iron; Mn-Manganese; Ni-nickel. Data presented are referenced from Antonini et al., 1999.