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Fig. 2 | Particle and Fibre Toxicology

Fig. 2

From: In vitro toxicoproteomic analysis of A549 human lung epithelial cells exposed to urban air particulate matter and its water-soluble and insoluble fractions

Fig. 2

The cytotoxicities of EHC-93 total and its water-insoluble (insoluble) and water-soluble (soluble) fractions in A549 cells after 24 h of exposure were assessed by LDH release (a), BrdU incorporation (b), cellular ATP (c) and resazurin reduction(d) assays. Data are expressed as mean fold effect +/− standard error, relative to the control (0 μg/cm2), n = 4. Two-way ANOVA was used to determine significant effects of the particles, where Holm-Sidak was the post-hoc method used for all pairwise comparison procedures. * indicates significant difference compared to control. T indicates significant difference compared to EHC-93 total. I indicates significant difference compared to the insoluble fraction. S indicates significant difference compared to the soluble fraction

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