Skip to main content

Table 2 Lifestyle factors of interest by base and participant group

From: Exposure to lead-free frangible firing emissions containing copper and ultrafine particulates leads to increased oxidative stress in firing range instructors

Variables WPAFB JBC
All
n = 12
Instructors
n = 7
Controls
n = 5
All
n = 9
Instructors
n = 4
Controls
n = 5
Tobacco Use 33.3% 42.9% 20.0% 11.1% 25.0 0.00%
Caffeine Use+ 75.0% 100% 40.0% 100% 100% 100%
Dietary Supplements 41.7% 28.6% 60.0% 44.4% 75.0% 20.0%
Prescription Steroids 8.30% 14.3% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Allergies 25.0% 28.6% 20.0% 44.4% 25.0% 60.0%
Recent Illness 16.7% 14.3% 20.0% 11.1% 25.0% 0.00%
Recreational Shooting 50.0% 71.4% 20.0% 11.1% 0.00% 20.0%
  1. +Caffeine use WPAFB instructors versus WPAFB controls (p = 0.046)
  2. SD, standard deviation; n, number of participants; All, Instructors + controls