Skip to main content

Table 1 Gracious pre-defined hypotheses for inhalation route of exposure

From: Grouping MWCNTs based on their similar potential to cause pulmonary hazard after inhalation: a case-study

Hypothesis title Reference
Respirable NFs with an instantaneous dissolution rate: Following inhalation exposure, the toxicity is driven by and is therefore similar to those of the constituent ions or molecules [6]
Respirable NFs with a quick dissolution rate: Following inhalation exposure both NFs and constituent ions or molecules may contribute to toxicity, but there is no concern for accumulation. Toxicity (also) depends on the location of the ionic or molecular release [6]
Respirable NFs with a gradual dissolution rate: Following inhalation exposure both NFs and constituent ions or molecules may contribute to toxicity and there is some concern for accumulation. Toxicity (also) depends on the location of the ionic or molecular release [6]
Respirable NFs with a very slow dissolution rate: Following inhalation exposure, toxicity is driven by the NFs and accumulation of NFs in the lungs can lead to long-term toxicity [6]
Respirable, biopersistent, rigid HARN: Following inhalation exposure, long-term pulmonary retention of HARN can occur resulting in lung toxicity [7]
Respirable, biopersistent, rigid HARN: Following inhalation exposure and translocation of HARN to the pleura, mesothelioma development can occur [7]