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  • Retraction Note
  • Open Access

Retraction Note: Mechanisms of nanosized titanium dioxide-induced testicular oxidative stress and apoptosis in male mice

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Particle and Fibre Toxicology201512:23

  • Received: 23 June 2015
  • Accepted: 23 June 2015
  • Published:

The original article was published in Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2014 11:47

Retraction Note

This article [1] has been retracted by the Editor. A committee at Soochow University has investigated this case and supports the decision to retract the article. Incorrect statistical methods were used to calculate mean and S.D. values and additional errors were made in determining 8-OHdG concentrations. It has come to light that Figure 1 and Figure 2 were published in a previous article [2]. The committee also found that some of the original data were missing. We apologize to the readership of Particle and Fibre Toxicology.


Authors’ Affiliations

Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China
Library of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China
Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Stem Cell Research, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215007, China
Cultivation base of State Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Biomaterials built together by Ministry of Science and Technology and Jiangsu Province, Suzhou, 215007, China


  1. Zhao X, Sheng L, Wang L, Hong J, Yu X, Sang X, et al. Mechanisms of nanosized titanium dioxide-induced testicular oxidative stress and apoptosis in male mice. Part Fibre Toxicol. 2014;11:47.PubMed CentralPubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Gui S, Sang X, Zheng L, Ze Y, Zhao X, Sheng L, et al. Intragastric exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles induced nephrotoxicity in mice, assessed by physiological and gene expression modifications. Part Fibre Toxicol. 2013;10:4.PubMed CentralPubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar


© Zhao et al. 2015

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.


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