- Retraction Note
- Open Access
Retraction Note: Mechanisms of nanosized titanium dioxide-induced testicular oxidative stress and apoptosis in male mice
Particle and Fibre Toxicology volume 12, Article number: 23 (2015)
This article  has been retracted by the Editor. A committee at Soochow University has investigated this case and supports the decision to retract the article. Incorrect statistical methods were used to calculate mean and S.D. values and additional errors were made in determining 8-OHdG concentrations. It has come to light that Figure 1 and Figure 2 were published in a previous article . The committee also found that some of the original data were missing. We apologize to the readership of Particle and Fibre Toxicology.
Zhao X, Sheng L, Wang L, Hong J, Yu X, Sang X, et al. Mechanisms of nanosized titanium dioxide-induced testicular oxidative stress and apoptosis in male mice. Part Fibre Toxicol. 2014;11:47.
Gui S, Sang X, Zheng L, Ze Y, Zhao X, Sheng L, et al. Intragastric exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles induced nephrotoxicity in mice, assessed by physiological and gene expression modifications. Part Fibre Toxicol. 2013;10:4.
The online version of the original article can be found under doi:10.1186/s12989-014-0047-3.
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Zhao, X., Sheng, L., Wang, L. et al. Retraction Note: Mechanisms of nanosized titanium dioxide-induced testicular oxidative stress and apoptosis in male mice. Part Fibre Toxicol 12, 23 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12989-015-0098-0