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  1. Content type: Research

    Pigment-grade titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles are an additive to some foods (E171 on ingredients lists), toothpastes, and pharma−/nutraceuticals and are absorbed, to some extent, in the human intestinal tract. ...

    Authors: Sebastian Riedle, Laetitia C. Pele, Don E. Otter, Rachel E. Hewitt, Harjinder Singh, Nicole C. Roy and Jonathan J. Powell

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:51

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  2. Content type: Research

    To better assess potential hepatotoxicity of nanomaterials, human liver HepG2 cells were exposed for 3 days to five different CeO2 (either 30 or 100 μg/ml), 3 SiO2 based (30 μg/ml) or 1 CuO (3 μg/ml) nanomaterial...

    Authors: Kirk T. Kitchin, Steve Stirdivant, Brian L. Robinette, Benjamin T. Castellon and Xinhua Liang

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:50

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  3. Content type: Research

    The lung represents the primary entry route for airborne particles into the human body. Most studies addressed possible adverse effects using single (nano)particles, but aerosolic nanoparticles (NPs) tend to a...

    Authors: Estelle Durantie, Dimitri Vanhecke, Laura Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Flavien Delhaes, Sandor Balog, Dedy Septiadi, Joel Bourquin, Alke Petri-Fink and Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:49

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  4. Content type: Research

    The toxicokinetics of nanomaterials are an important factor in toxicity, which may be affected by slow clearance and/or distribution in the body.

    Authors: Naohide Shinohara, Guihua Zhang, Yutaka Oshima, Toshio Kobayashi, Nobuya Imatanaka, Makoto Nakai, Takeshi Sasaki, Kenji Kawaguchi and Masashi Gamo

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:48

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  5. Content type: Review

    There is a fundamental gap of knowledge on the health effects caused by the interaction of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) with the gastro-intestinal tract (GIT). This is partly due to the incomplete knowledge ...

    Authors: Antonio Pietroiusti, Enrico Bergamaschi, Marcello Campagna, Luisa Campagnolo, Giuseppe De Palma, Sergio Iavicoli, Veruscka Leso, Andrea Magrini, Michele Miragoli, Paola Pedata, Leonardo Palombi and Ivo Iavicoli

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:47

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  6. Content type: Research

    Air pollution is a recognized aggravating factor for pulmonary diseases and has notably deleterious effects on asthma, bronchitis and pneumonia. Recent studies suggest that air pollution may also cause adverse...

    Authors: Cécile Vignal, Muriel Pichavant, Laurent Y. Alleman, Madjid Djouina, Florian Dingreville, Esperanza Perdrix, Christophe Waxin, Adil Ouali Alami, Corinne Gower-Rousseau, Pierre Desreumaux and Mathilde Body-Malapel

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:46

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  7. Content type: Review

    Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease known for its high susceptibility to environmental exposure. Inadvertent inhalation of engineered or incidental nanomaterials is a concern for human health, particularly...

    Authors: Kirsty Meldrum, Chang Guo, Emma L. Marczylo, Timothy W. Gant, Rachel Smith and Martin O. Leonard

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:45

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  8. Content type: Research

    Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are engineered nanomaterials used for a variety of industrial and consumer products. Their high tensile strength, hydrophobicity, and semi-conductive properties have enab...

    Authors: Ryan J. Snyder, Salik Hussain, Charles J. Tucker, Scott H. Randell and Stavros Garantziotis

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:44

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  9. Content type: Research

    Silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) have numerous beneficial properties and are extensively used in cosmetics and food industries as anti-caking, densifying and hydrophobic agents. However, the increasing exposure le...

    Authors: Alicia Sanchez, Julio L. Alvarez, Kateryna Demydenko, Carole Jung, Yeranddy A. Alpizar, Julio Alvarez-Collazo, Stevan M. Cokic, Miguel A. Valverde, Peter H. Hoet and Karel Talavera

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:43

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  10. Content type: Research

    We previously showed that cerium oxide (CeO2), barium sulfate (BaSO4) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) exhibited different lung toxicity and pulmonary clearance in rats. We hypothesize that these NPs acqu...

    Authors: Nagarjun V. Konduru, Ramon M. Molina, Archana Swami, Flavia Damiani, Georgios Pyrgiotakis, Paulo Lin, Patrizia Andreozzi, Thomas C. Donaghey, Philip Demokritou, Silke Krol, Wolfgang Kreyling and Joseph D. Brain

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:42

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  11. Content type: Research

    The special physicochemical properties of gold nanoprisms make them very useful for biomedical applications including biosensing and cancer therapy. However, it is not clear how gold nanoprisms may affect cell...

    Authors: Marta Pérez-Hernández, María Moros, Grazyna Stepien, Pablo del Pino, Sebastián Menao, Marcelo de las Heras, Maykel Arias, Scott G. Mitchell, Beatriz Pelaz, Eva M. Gálvez, Jesús M. de la Fuente and Julián Pardo

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:41

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  12. Content type: Methodology

    Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are increasingly added to foods to improve their quality, sensory appeal, safety and shelf-life. Human exposure to these ingested ENMs (iENMS) is inevitable, yet little is known...

    Authors: Glen M. DeLoid, Yanli Wang, Klara Kapronezai, Laura Rubio Lorente, Roujie Zhang, Georgios Pyrgiotakis, Nagarjun V. Konduru, Maria Ericsson, Jason C. White, Roberto De La Torre-Roche, Hang Xiao, David Julian McClements and Philip Demokritou

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:40

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  13. Content type: Research

    Toxicity of airborne particulate matter (PM) is difficult to assess because PM composition is complex and variable due to source contribution and atmospheric transformation. In this study, we used an in vitro ...

    Authors: Ngoc Q. Vuong, Dalibor Breznan, Patrick Goegan, Julie S. O’Brien, Andrew Williams, Subramanian Karthikeyan, Premkumari Kumarathasan and Renaud Vincent

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:39

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  14. Content type: Research

    We and other groups have demonstrated that exposure to cobalt nanoparticles (Nano-Co) caused oxidative stress and inflammation, which have been shown to be strongly associated with genotoxic and carcinogenic e...

    Authors: Rong Wan, Yiqun Mo, Zhenyu Zhang, Mizu Jiang, Shichuan Tang and Qunwei Zhang

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:38

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  15. Content type: Research

    The accumulation of MWCNTs in the lung environment leads to inflammation and the development of disease similar to pulmonary fibrosis in rodents. Adverse Outcome Pathways (AOPs) are a framework for defining an...

    Authors: Jake Nikota, Allyson Banville, Laura Rose Goodwin, Dongmei Wu, Andrew Williams, Carole Lynn Yauk, Håkan Wallin, Ulla Vogel and Sabina Halappanavar

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:37

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  16. Content type: Research

    Inhalation of crystalline silica is associated with pulmonary inflammation and silicosis. Although silicosis remains a prevalent health problem throughout the world, effective treatment choices are limited. Im...

    Authors: Rupa Biswas, Kevin L. Trout, Forrest Jessop, Jack R. Harkema and Andrij Holian

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:36

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  17. Content type: Research

    Increasing evidence from toxicological and epidemiological studies indicates that the central nervous system is an important target for ambient air pollutants. We have investigated whether long-term inhalation...

    Authors: Maja Hullmann, Catrin Albrecht, Damiën van Berlo, Miriam E. Gerlofs-Nijland, Tina Wahle, Agnes W. Boots, Jean Krutmann, Flemming R. Cassee, Thomas A. Bayer and Roel P. F. Schins

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:35

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  18. Content type: Research

    PM2.5 (particulate matter ≤ 2.5 μm) is one of the leading environmental risk factors for the global burden of disease. Whereas increasing evidence has linked the adverse roles of PM2.5 with cardiovascular and res...

    Authors: Tingting Ku, Ben Li, Rui Gao, Yingying Zhang, Wei Yan, Xiaotong Ji, Guangke Li and Nan Sang

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:34

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  19. Content type: Research

    Exposure to particulate matter (PM) is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease and increased coagulation, but the molecular mechanisms underlying these associations remain unknown. Obesit...

    Authors: Laura Pergoli, Laura Cantone, Chiara Favero, Laura Angelici, Simona Iodice, Eva Pinatel, Mirjam Hoxha, Laura Dioni, Marilena Letizia, Benedetta Albetti, Letizia Tarantini, Federica Rota, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Amedea Silvia Tirelli, Vincenza Dolo, Andrea Cattaneo…

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:32

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  20. Content type: Research

    Copper oxide nanomaterials (CuO NMs) are exploited in a diverse array of products including antimicrobials, inks, cosmetics, textiles and food contact materials. There is therefore a need to assess the toxicit...

    Authors: Victor C. Ude, David M. Brown, Luca Viale, Nilesh Kanase, Vicki Stone and Helinor J. Johnston

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:31

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  21. Content type: Research

    Epidemiological studies suggest that prenatal and early life environmental exposures have adverse effects on pulmonary function and are important contributors in the development of childhood asthma and allergi...

    Authors: Maria Ferrini, Sophia Carvalho, Yoon Hee Cho, Britten Postma, Lucas Miranda Marques, Kent Pinkerton, Kevan Roberts and Zeina Jaffar

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:30

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  22. Content type: Research

    Man-made vitreous fibres (MMVF) are produced on a large scale for thermal insulation purposes. After extensive studies of fibre effects in the 1980ies and 1990ies, the composition of MMVF was modified to reduc...

    Authors: Wendel Wohlleben, Hubert Waindok, Björn Daumann, Kai Werle, Melanie Drum and Heiko Egenolf

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:29

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  23. Content type: Research

    Nano- and microscale copper oxide particles (CuO NP, CuO MP) are applied for manifold purposes, enhancing exposure and thus the potential risk of adverse health effects. Based on the pronounced in vitro cytoto...

    Authors: Bettina Maria Strauch, Rebecca Katharina Niemand, Nicola Lisa Winkelbeiner and Andrea Hartwig

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:28

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  24. Content type: Research

    Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) have been produced and applied for diverse purposes. MWCNTs can potentially cause the adverse effects on organisms. MicroRNA let-7 and its targets of HBL-1 and LIN-41 play a...

    Authors: Li Zhao, Hanxiao Wan, Qizhan Liu and Dayong Wang

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:27

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  25. Content type: Research

    Pulmonary toxicity of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is influenced by physicochemical characteristics and genetic susceptibility. We hypothesized that contrasting rigidities of tangled (t) versus rod-l...

    Authors: Katherine S. Duke, Alexia J. Taylor-Just, Mark D. Ihrie, Kelly A. Shipkowski, Elizabeth A. Thompson, Erinn C. Dandley, Gregory N. Parsons and James C. Bonner

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:26

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  26. Content type: Research

    As nanoparticles (NPs) become more prevalent in the pharmaceutical industry, questions have arisen from both industry and regulatory stakeholders about the long term effects of these materials. This study was ...

    Authors: James L. Weaver, Grainne A. Tobin, Taylor Ingle, Simona Bancos, David Stevens, Rodney Rouse, Kristina E. Howard, David Goodwin, Alan Knapton, Xiaohong Li, Katherine Shea, Sharron Stewart, Lin Xu, Peter L. Goering, Qin Zhang, Paul C. Howard…

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:25

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  27. Content type: Research

    Nanomaterials like cerium oxide and barium sulfate are frequently processed in industrial and consumer products and exposure of humans and other organisms is likely. Generally less information is given on heal...

    Authors: Daniela Schwotzer, Heinrich Ernst, Dirk Schaudien, Heiko Kock, Gerhard Pohlmann, Clemens Dasenbrock and Otto Creutzenberg

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:23

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  28. Content type: Research

    Exposure to nanoparticles in the workplace is a health concern to occupational workers with increased risk of developing respiratory, cardiovascular, and neurological disorders. Based on animal inhalation stud...

    Authors: Lin Tian, Yidan Shang, Rui Chen, Ru Bai, Chunying Chen, Kiao Inthavong and Jiyuan Tu

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:24

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  29. Content type: Review

    Extracellular matrix (ECM) is an extraordinarily complex and unique meshwork composed of structural proteins and glycosaminoglycans. The ECM provides essential physical scaffolding for the cellular constituent...

    Authors: Ayse Basak Engin, Dragana Nikitovic, Monica Neagu, Petra Henrich-Noack, Anca Oana Docea, Mikhail I. Shtilman, Kirill Golokhvast and Aristidis M. Tsatsakis

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:22

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  30. Content type: Research

    Dendritic cells (DCs) are specialized first-line sensors of foreign materials invading the organism. These sentinel cells rely on pattern recognition receptors such as Nod-like or Toll-like receptors (TLRs) to...

    Authors: Hans Christian Winkler, Julian Kornprobst, Peter Wick, Lea Maria von Moos, Ioannis Trantakis, Elisabeth Maria Schraner, Barbara Bathke, Hubertus Hochrein, Mark Suter and Hanspeter Naegeli

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:21

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  31. Content type: Research

    Many diseases including obesity may originate through alterations in the early-life environment that interrupts fetal development. Increasing evidence has shown that exposure to ambient fine particles (PM2.5) is ...

    Authors: Minjie Chen, Xiaoke Wang, Ziying Hu, Huifen Zhou, Yanyi Xu, Lianglin Qiu, Xiaobo Qin, Yuhao Zhang and Zhekang Ying

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:20

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  32. Content type: Research

    The death toll associated with inhaled ambient particulate matter (PM) is attributed mainly to cardio-vascular rather than pulmonary effects. However, it is unclear whether the key event for cardiovascular imp...

    Authors: Koustav Ganguly, Dariusch Ettehadieh, Swapna Upadhyay, Shinji Takenaka, Thure Adler, Erwin Karg, Fritz Krombach, Wolfgang G. Kreyling, Holger Schulz, Otmar Schmid and Tobias Stoeger

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:19

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  33. Content type: Research

    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been used in a variety of applications because of their unique properties and functions. However, many CNTs have been shown to induce lung fibrosis in experimental animals with som...

    Authors: Jie Dong and Qiang Ma

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:18

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  34. Content type: Research

    The use of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) is increasing due to a growing use in a variety of products across several industries. Thus, occupational exposure is also of increasing concern, particularly si...

    Authors: H. K. L. Johansson, J. S. Hansen, B. Elfving, S. P. Lund, Z. O. Kyjovska, S. Loft, K. K. Barfod, P. Jackson, U. Vogel and K. S. Hougaard

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:17

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  35. Content type: Research

    Epidemiological studies have linked exposures to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and traffic with autonomic nervous system imbalance (ANS) and cardiac pathophysiology, especially in individuals with preex...

    Authors: Alex P. Carll, Samir M. Crespo, Mauricio S. Filho, Douglas H. Zati, Brent A. Coull, Edgar A. Diaz, Rodrigo D. Raimundo, Thomas N. G. Jaeger, Ana Laura Ricci-Vitor, Vasileios Papapostolou, Joy E. Lawrence, David M. Garner, Brigham S. Perry, Jack R. Harkema and John J. Godleski

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:16

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  36. Content type: Research

    Graphite carbon nanofibers (GCNF) have emerged as a potential alternative of carbon nanotubes (CNT) for various biomedical applications due to their superior physico-chemical properties. Therefore in-depth und...

    Authors: Sandeep Mittal, Pradeep Kumar Sharma, Ratnakar Tiwari, Raja Gopal Rayavarapu, Jai Shankar, Lalit Kumar Singh Chauhan and Alok Kumar Pandey

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:15

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  37. Content type: Research Article

    The wide application of engineered nanoparticles has induced increasing exposure to humans and environment, which led to substantial concerns on their biosafety. Some metal oxides (MOx) have shown severe toxic...

    Authors: Xiaoming Cai, Anson Lee, Zhaoxia Ji, Cynthia Huang, Chong Hyun Chang, Xiang Wang, Yu-Pei Liao, Tian Xia and Ruibin Li

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:13

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:33

  38. Content type: Research

    Previous work has demonstrated size, surface charge and skin barrier dependent penetration of nanoparticles into the viable layers of mouse skin. The goal of this work was to characterize the tissue distributi...

    Authors: Samreen Jatana, Brian C. Palmer, Sarah J. Phelan, Robert Gelein and Lisa A. DeLouise

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:12

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  39. Content type: Research

    Exposure to airborne particles has a major impact on global health. The probability of these particles to deposit in the respiratory tract during breathing is essential for their toxic effects. Observations ha...

    Authors: Jenny Rissler, Anders Gudmundsson, Hanna Nicklasson, Erik Swietlicki, Per Wollmer and Jakob Löndahl

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:10

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  40. Content type: Research

    Carbon black nanoparticles (CBNP) are mainly composed of carbon, with a small amount of other elements (including hydrogen and oxygen). The toxicity of CBNP has been attributed to their large surface area, and...

    Authors: Karina Lindner, Michael Ströbele, Sandra Schlick, Sina Webering, André Jenckel, Johannes Kopf, Olga Danov, Katherina Sewald, Christian Buj, Otto Creutzenberg, Thomas Tillmann, Gerhard Pohlmann, Heinrich Ernst, Christina Ziemann, Gereon Hüttmann, Holger Heine…

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:8

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  41. Content type: Research

    During the last 250 years, the level of exposure to combustion-derived particles raised dramatically in western countries, leading to increased particle loads in the ambient air. Among the environmental partic...

    Authors: Sebastian G. Klein, Sébastien Cambier, Jennifer Hennen, Sylvain Legay, Tommaso Serchi, Inge Nelissen, Aline Chary, Elisa Moschini, Andreas Krein, Brunhilde Blömeke and Arno C. Gutleb

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:7

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  42. Content type: Research

    Chronic exposure to fine ambient particulate matter (PM2.5) induces insulin resistance. CC-chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) appears to be essential in diet-induced insulin resistance implicating an important role for ...

    Authors: Cuiqing Liu, Xiaohua Xu, Yuntao Bai, Jixin Zhong, Aixia Wang, Lixian Sun, Liya Kong, Zhekang Ying, Qinghua Sun and Sanjay Rajagopalan

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:6

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  43. Content type: Research

    Concerns have been expressed that inhaled nanoparticles may behave differently to larger particles in terms of lung clearance and translocation, with potential implications for their toxicity. Studies undertak...

    Authors: Alison Buckley, James Warren, Alan Hodgson, Tim Marczylo, Konstantin Ignatyev, Chang Guo and Rachel Smith

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:5

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  44. Content type: Research

    Recent studies indicate that maternal exposure to ambient ultrafine particles and nanoparticles has adverse effects of on the central nervous system. Quantitative dose–response data is required to better under...

    Authors: Atsuto Onoda, Ken Takeda and Masakazu Umezawa

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:4

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  45. Content type: Research

    Obesity is one of the leading threats to global public health. It is consequent to abnormal energy metabolism. Currently, it has been well established that maternal exposure to environmental stressors that cau...

    Authors: Minjie Chen, Shuai Liang, Huifen Zhou, Yanyi Xu, Xiaobo Qin, Ziying Hu, Xiaoke Wang, Lianglin Qiu, Wanjun Wang, Yuhao Zhang and Zhekang Ying

    Citation: Particle and Fibre Toxicology 2017 14:3

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